What is forging?

Forging is a manufacturing process in which metal such as stainless steel is pressed into the desired shape requested. This process is often performed by the metal being heated as it makes it easier to mould it to the required shape.

However, forging can also be carried out at room temperate. This type of forging is called cold forging. It changes the size and the shape of the chosen metal without the metal being heated.


There are many forging processes however, we have stated a few below:

  • Open die forging
  • Closed die forging
  • Hot forging
  • Cold forging
  • Upset forging

Open die forging is one process that can be used. The metal is placed in between multiple dies and using these dies and a series of movement, the metal is hammered into the required shape.

Closed die forging is the process where dies are pushed towards each other in order to cover the metal or partially cover it and forge the desired shape.

Cold forging is carried out at room temperature.


There are many tools used as part of the forging process. These include but are not limited to:

Anvil: An anvil is a block of metal used as part of the forging process.

Tong: This tool is made up of 3 pieces: the jaw, boss and reign. It works similarly to a pair of scissors.

Furnace: The furnace provides heat for the process and can reach temperatures of 1250 degrees.

Hammer: This is used to forge the metal between the two dies.

Fuller: This tool is used to form the metal and is used when the metal has been heated by the furnace.

If there is any information you require on forging in addition to the information provided above, please contact us via our contact us page.